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તમારા વિસ્તારમાં કોઇ કાનૂની સલાહકાર શોધો

15 Equal Opportunities

pdf icon Download Equal Opportunities (PDF File, 206kb)

1. Introduction

2. When discrimination can happen

Discrimination happens when someone is treated worse ('less favourably' in legal terms) than another person in the same situation. Discrimination may happen in many situations:

  • At work - for example, a gay person might be refused a job without good reason, or be harassed by other employees. A woman might have a problem about equal pay, or the way she is treated if she is pregnant or has a child to care for.
  • When you are buying or using goods and services - for example, a person in a wheelchair might be told that they can't go into a restaurant because their wheelchair takes up too much space.
  • When you are buying or renting somewhere to live - for example, a landlord might refuse to let their flat to a Muslim person.
  • At a school or college - for example, a school might treat a black child differently from a white child when deciding whether to exclude (remove) them.

You may suffer discrimination for various reasons. The protection you have in law depends on why you were discriminated against. The law gives you the right to go to an employment tribunal or to court if you have been treated unfairly because:

  • of your race;
  • of your sex;
  • of your religion or belief;
  • you have a disability;
  • of your age;
  • you are gay or lesbian;
  • you are a transgender person.

You may get compensation for loss of earnings or if your feelings have been hurt, depending on the kind of discrimination you've suffered. Also, taking someone to court or to a tribunal may change the way it behaves towards other people in future.

This leaflet:

  • explains how the law on equal opportunities and anti-discrimination works, and what types of discrimination you are protected from;
  • looks in more detail at the laws on discrimination because of sex, sexual preference, religion or belief, and age; and
  • explains what you can do if you have been discriminated against.

Separate Gurkha Free Legal Advice leaflets, ‘’ and ‘’, deal with those things in more detail.

Sometimes, a person may be discriminated against for more than one reason. If you think you are in this position, you may need to get advice about the best course of action. You can get advice from:

  • a trade union (if you belong to one);
  • a law centre;
  • a Citizens Advice Bureau; or
  • a solicitor.

See ‘Further help’ for more about where to get advice.

3. Types of discrimination

4. Sex discrimination

5. Transgender people

6. Discrimination because you are gay or lesbian

7. Discrimination because of your religion or beliefs

8. Discrimination because of your age

9. What you can do about discrimination

10. Dealing with discrimination at work

11. Going to an employment tribunal

12. Dealing with other types of discrimination

13. The Human Rights Act

14. Further help

15. About this leaflet

This leaflet was published by the Gurkha Free Legal Advice (LSC). It was written in association with Sara Leslie

Leaflet Version: December 2007

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